From creepy crawlies to eight-legged spinsters, we want to know what’s bugging you so that we can get rid of these nasty pests for good! Here are some of the most common household pests and bugs. Check the descriptions and see if they sound like something lurking in your home or business. If you’re one of the lucky folks who doesn’t have any of these unwelcome visitors, check out our tips on how to stay bug free! By the way, safety is something we take very seriously when treating any building or property!
Subterranean termites originate in soil (dirt) and then feed off cellulose debris such as roots, mulch, paper products and most importantly your home. Damage can be significant if your home is not inspected and/or treated. Termites live in colonies which are usually underground in the soil from which they obtain moisture and sometimes can be found within your home itself. The “worker” termite forages outside of the colony for food. It consumes the wood and then returns to feed the rest of the colony.
Tell-tale signs of termites include mud (or shelter) tubes on the foundation walls, termite swarms and of course infested wood members. Subterranean termites typically damage the interior of structural beams, flooring, etc. and leave the surface intact.
Termites start swarming around March 1st and continue until the 1st or 2nd week of May. Their actions are entirely based upon the weather. Termites are now one of the most costly economic pests.
The majority of damage caused by termites in the United States is caused by the Eastern Subterranean termite. Termites and ants can be confused. The termite workers, which are white in color and wingless, are often called “white ants.” There are, however, several differences which can be readily seen. Termites have straight antennae, while ants have elbowed antennae. Ants have a narrow waist, while termites have a broad waist.
The best control of the subterranean termite is prevention. The best time to provide protection against termites is during the planning and construction of your home of building. Before signing a contract with any pest control company, ask questions, how they will treat your house, cost of treatment, yearly inspection, types of guarantees, etc
German Cockroaches are the most common household roach.
Roaches are usually found in kitchens and bathrooms, but can be in any portion of a heated structure, especially near food preparation areas. They are nocturnal, meaning they are active at night. If you see some during the day, it is a sure sign that a bigger population exists.
They thrive on the same food humans eat and pollute human food in the process of their feeding. They are also fond of starchy foods like cereal, sugary substances and meat products. The larger roaches will also chew on paper products damaging/destroying them in the process.
They don’t cause damage to property but cause us (humans) great damage. They transmit numerous diseases. Different forms of gastroenteritis (food poisoning, dysentery, diarrhea, etc.) are the principal diseases transmitted by cockroaches. These disease-causing organisms are carried on the legs and bodies of cockroaches, as well as the sticky pads of its feet, and are deposited on food and utensils as cockroaches forage. A host of studies recognize cockroaches and their byproducts as strong indoor allergenic agents. Since the prevalence of asthma in children has been increasing steadily over the years, the need to control cockroaches is more important than ever.
Ants vary is size, color and species.
They are almost all either black, brown or reddish in color. They live in colonies, usually found either underground or in dead wood, but may adapt to other habitats. Many ants are capable of biting or stinging people. They have the ability to communicate. They communicate both by touch (tapping the antennas), and by leaving a chemical odor trail. The odor trail usually marks a path between the nest and a food or water source. Some varieties include: Pharaoh Ant, Carpenter Ant, Argentine Ant, Fire Ant.
Bed bugs are insects that commonly hide in mattresses, carpets and bedding.
There has been a massive increase in the number of bed bug infestations over the past year as well as media coverage on the subject. The bed bug tends to breed at a very fast rate. Hospitals, businesses, homes, buses, apartments and hotels are just a few places where bed bugs are being reported. Finding bed bugs in your home has nothing to do with poor hygiene. It takes only one bed bug to hitch a ride on your clothing, furniture, suitcase, etc and infest in your residence. What’s worse is that they can live up to one year without drinking a drop of your blood. Bed bug nymphs can survive for months without feeding. Bed bug bits are the best way to determine if you have bedbugs.
Bed bugs are flat, brown, wingless and about ¼ of an inch. They have 6 legs. They can be seen with the human eye, but do a great job at hiding. They feed on human blood preferring to do it in the dark when you’re sleeping. These bugs love to hide in the seams of your mattress, sofa seams, cracks in the bed frame or head board, under chairs, under rugs, edges of carpets, drawers, baseboards, behind light switches, electrical outlet plates, backpacks, sleeping bags, and other dark areas. If you suspect you have an infestation, you should contact a licensed pest control company.
Rodents can be quite a problem for home owners. The major pests are house mice, rats and roof rats. House mice thrive under a variety of conditions: they are found in and around homes and commercial structures as well as in open fields and agricultural lands. House mice consume and contaminate food, pet food and animal feed. In addition, they often cause considerable agricultural and property damage. Mice are mostly active during dusk or night; they do not like bright lights. They live in a wide variety of hidden places that are near food sources and construct nests from various soft materials. They will eat their droppings to acquire nutrients produced by bacteria in their intestines. You can make your property less attractive to rodents by some simple housekeeping and landscaping practices. Exclude mice from your premises by sealing all openings larger than ¼” wide. Good sanitation practices will reduce sources of food, water, and shelter. Store foodstuff in rodent-proof containers. Control weeds and remove debris from the outside of your home.
Roof Rats can be controlled by thining and trimming trees up several feet off the ground. Rake up dead leaves, and pick up any fruit that falls to the ground. Eliminate any areas where rats could find shelter. In most cases, it is necessary to bait outdoors to keep the population down. Homeowners should use disposable gloves when handling dead rodents.
Spiders are generally categorized by either web spinners or hunters depending on how they catch their prey.
Hunting spiders wander around searching for their prey or hunt by laying in ambush. The more insects there are inside a building, the more likely it is to have spiders living there. Spiders also like to find refuge in warmer buildings as the nights cool off in the fall.
All spiders have two body regions (cephalothorax and unsegmented abdomen), eight legs, a pair of pedipalps, a pair of jaws and either six or eight eyes. Landscape and lawn management will assist with controlling spiders and other pests from moving into your home. Prune trees and shrub branches, keeping away from the structure. Tall vegetation, such as flowers, grass, weeds, should be cut down and removed from along the foundation perimeter, porches, and entrances of your home. Stacks of firewood should be located AWAY from your building or home. Sticky traps and pest monitors can be places indoors along exterior wall of attached garages, basements, and crawlspaces where spiders are active. A shop vacuum fitted with hose attachment can be used to remove spiders and webs from furniture, corners, sill plates, and joists. A dusting tool with handle can also be used for web removal.
Camel Crickets get their name because of their slightly humpbacked appearance. They do not “chirp.”
Typically found in moist areas including under rocks and logs or in stacks of firewood. In early spring, adult females begin to lay eggs in the soil. A few weeks later, the nymphs hatch from the eggs.
Camel crickets often become a problem when we have extremes in weather conditions, excessive rainfall or extended period of hot, dry weather. They are attracted to cool, moist/humid areas in and around our homes. The crickets often invade storage buildings, crawlspaces, basements, garages, and indoor areas where moisture may be a problem (bathroom, laundry rooms, etc.)
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